Seller Inventory BTE Book Description Barzipan Publishing. Seller Inventory NEW Ships with Tracking Number! Buy with confidence, excellent customer service!. Kathy Cuddihy. Publisher: Barzipan Publishing , This specific ISBN edition is currently not available. View all copies of this ISBN edition:.
Synopsis About this title When Bechtel offered Sean Cuddihy a transfer to Riyadh, Saudi Arabia in , his wife Kathy agreed to go along on one condition: that it was only for two years, not a minute longer. About the Author : Kathy Cuddihy, Canadian by birth, has lived abroad for most of her life. Buy New Learn more about this copy. Customers who bought this item also bought. Stock Image. Anywhere but Saudi Arabia! Format: Paperback Kathy Cuddihy. Published by Casemate Publishing. New Quantity Available: 9. Seller Rating:. Cuddihy, Kathy. As it turned out, the invaders had been ruling badly, so many locals joined them.
They not only re-captured Riyadh, but much of the surrounding territory. After that, Abdul Aziz set out on a year campaign to unify the Arabian Peninsula. The area united under him became known as Saudi Arabia. In the s, the discovery of oil transformed the country, and Saudi Arabia became a key U. Following Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in , Saudi Arabia accepted the Kuwaiti royal family and , refugees while allowing Western and Arab troops to deploy on its sand for the liberation of Kuwait the following year. A burgeoning population, unemployment, aquifer depletion, and an economy largely dependent on petroleum output and prices are all major governmental concerns.
Saudi Arabia is an oil-based economy with strong government controls over major economic activities.
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Roughly 4 million foreign workers play an important role in the Saudi economy - for example, in the oil and service sectors. In the government announced plans to begin privatizing the electricity companies, which follows the ongoing privatization of the telecommunications company. The government is expected to continue calling for private sector growth to lessen the kingdom's dependence on oil and increase employment opportunities for the swelling Saudi population. Shortages of water and rapid population growth will constrain government efforts to increase self-sufficiency in agricultural products.
Unemployment among young Saudis is a serious problem. While partly due to Saudi reluctance to take many types of work, it is also true that Saudi citizens are forced to compete with multitudes of imported labor, which is often much cheaper than that of the locals. That said, Saudi Arabia's oil wealth has allowed it provide its citizens with one of the world's most comprehensive welfare states despite not levying any income tax on them. Saudi Arabia covers approximately four fifths of the area of the Arabian Peninsula, which can be described as a rectangular plateau gradually sloping eastwards till reaching sea level at the Persian Gulf.
The Sarawat or Sarat mountain range runs parallel to the Red Sea coast beginning near the Jordanian border until the southern coast of Yemen, gradually increasing in height southwards. It is largely made up of barren volcanic rock, especially in the south, and sandstone in the north, but it is also interspersed with ancient lava fields and fertile valleys. As one moves further south towards Yemen, the barren landscape gradually gives way to green mountains and even woodlands, the result of being in the range of the monsoons. In Saudi Arabia, the range is commonly known as the Hejaz, though the southernmost part of the range is known as 'Aseer.
In the foothills of the Hejaz lies the holy city of Makkah, and approximately km north of Makkah in an oasis between two large lava fields lies the other holy city of Madinah. West of the Sarawat or Hejaz mountain range is a narrow coastal plain known as Tihama, in which the country's second largest city, Jidda, is located. East of the Hejaz lies the elevated plateau known as Najd, a sparsely populated area of desert steppe dotted with small volcanic mountains.
To the east of Najd-proper lies the Tuwaig escarpment, a narrow plateau running km from north to south. Its top layer is made of limestone and bottom layer of sandstone. Historically rich in fresh groundwater and crisscrossed with numerous dry riverbeds wadis , the Tuwaig range and its immediate vicinity are dotted with a constellation of towns and villages.
In the middle, nestled between a group of wadis, is the capital city, Ar-Riyadh. Further east from the Tuwaig plateau and parallel to it is a narrow km corridor of red sand dunes known as the Dahana desert, which separates the "Central Region" or "Najd" from the Eastern Province.
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The heavy presence of iron oxides gives the sand its distinctive red appearance. The Dahana desert connects two large "seas" of sand dunes. The northern one is known as the Nufuud, approximately the size of Lake Superior, and the southern is known as "the Empty Quarter," so-called because it covers a quarter of the area of the Peninsula. Though essentially uninhabitable, the edges of these three "seas of sand" make for excellent pastures in the spring season, but even the bedouin almost never attempted to cross the Empty Quarter.
North of the Nufud desert lies a vaste desert steppe, traditionally populated mainly by nomadic bedouins with the exception of a few oasis such as Al-Jof.
This region is an extension of the Iraqi and Syrian deserts or vice versa. After a rainy season, these barren, rocky steppes can yield lush meadows and rich pastures.
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The eastern province is largely barren except that it contains two oases resulting from springs of ancient fossil water. People tend to think of Saudi Arabia as an expanse of scorchingly hot desert punctuated with oil wells, and for most of the time in most of the country, they are right. In July and August, in particular, all who can flee the country and work slows down to a crawl. In winter, though, it's surprisingly different. The winter can also bring rains to all or most of the country, although in many years this is limited to one or two torrential outbursts.
The end of spring April and May is also a rainy season for much of the country.
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In the south, though, this pattern is reversed, with most rain falling during the Indian Ocean's monsoon season between May and October. Islam is the state religion of Saudi Arabia. Although no law specifically requires Saudi citizens to be Muslim, public observance and proselytism of religions other than Islam are forbidden, and it is illegal to display non-Quranic forms of scripture in public.
There are no official churches in Saudi Arabia of any kind. However, some Filipino workers report the presence of churches inside some gated communities. The small number of Saudi Arabian Christians meet in Internet chat rooms, and foreign Christians may meet at church meetings held at one of several embassies after registering and showing their passport, to prove foreign nationality, or by private assemblies in school gyms in gated communities on Aramco grounds.
They can also hold services in each other's houses. Although the niqab is the norm for Saudi women, women from outside the country are allowed to wear a hijab. Everything in Saudi Arabia is regulated by the five daily prayers. All shops and offices close during each prayer for a period of at least minutes, and the religious police patrol some streets and pack loiterers off to the mosque.
However, shopping malls, hospitals and airports do stay open but with all shops inside the shopping malls closed and taxis and other public transport continue to run normally. The first prayer is fajr , early in the morning before the first glint of light at dawn, and the call to prayer for fajr will be your wake-up call in the Kingdom. After fajr , some people eat breakfast and head to work, with shops opening up.
The second prayer is dhuhr , held after true noon in the middle of the day. The Friday noon prayer jummah is the most important one of the week, when even less observant Muslims usually make the effort to go to the mosque. After dhuhr , people head for lunch, while many shops choose to stay closed and snooze away the heat of the day. Asr prayers are in the late afternoon one and a half to two hours before sunset , with many shops opening again afterwards. Maghrib prayers are held at sunset and mark the end of the work day in much of the private sector.
The last prayer is isha'a , held around 45min-1h after sunset, after which locals head for dinner.
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